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Un articol din 04 decembrie 2009

10 05 2016 00:30
DISCUTIE INCENDIARA ! Piata imobiliara romaneasca, se va prabusi in 2010; Afla cine sunt cei care trag sforile din umbra, pentru a cumpara pe nimic activele majore ale Romaniei , in 2010; Cum au fost inrobiti romanii! In vreme ce romanii sunt hipnotizati de campania electorala, se trag sforile de catre grupurile financiare care se pregatesc sa cumpere activele majore ale tarii, in regim dea solduri. O sa va invit sa urmariti o discutie purtata de mine cu un bancher, pe tema scenariului pentru 2010, si o sa va las sa trageti concluziile. Nu conteaza banca unde lucreaza acest om, ci pur si simplu, strategia ampla, pusa la cale peste capetele noastre, care par sa nu se mai dezlipeasca de manipularile si circul campaniei electorale. Un fost sef de la CIA spunea " daca stii cum si cu ce sa manipulezi atentia cetateanului, si pui in stanga lui un spectacol de circ, nu o sa observe portavionul din dreapta lui" UI : Cum priveste banca si grupul financiar din care faceti parte, ce se intampla in Romania, in plan economic si politic ? Bancher : Suntem incordati insa extrem de motivati, intrucat asteptam producerea momentului la care lucram de circa 10 luni de zile; Banca noastra si-a redus extrem de mult expunerea in Romania, a inchis robinetul creditarii, si am trimis catre headquarter-ul grupului, cat de multa moneda euro am putut; Repet, asteptam acum producerea rezultatului muncii noastre, in cadrul unui plan la care participa extrem de multe grupuri financiare si bancare externe; UI : Adica concret in ce consta acest rezultat pe care il asteptati ? Sperati in revenirea economica a tarii ? Veti relua creditarea ? Bancher : Naivitatea este o slabiciune de caracter a romanilor; Ma intrebi daca speram in revenirea economica a tarii ? Pai noi speculam si vom castiga enorm de multi bani, tocmai in momentul in care, economia nationala romaneasca, va atinge fundul cel mai de jos al graficului. Himerele legate de cresterile economice din 2010, sunt lansate concertat de analisti, pentru ca aceasta este parte a strategiei noastre, pentru a ne maximiza profitul pe care il vom face, cand balonul speculativ imobiliar si al cursului valutar, ne va indica faptul ca suntem pe trendul castigului maxim. Ma intrebi daca vom relua creditarea ? Creditarea in Romania, s-a facut cu cap; Este adevarat, ca si guvernarea din 2007-2008 ne-a ajutat enorm, atunci cand, ne-am consolidat si ne-am asigurat prin intermediul creditului de consum, dependenta totala a populatiei active, a fortei de munca romanesti; UI : In se sens v-ati asigurat dependenta lor totala ? Bancher : Simplu; Populatia Romaniei si romanul in general, are un singur bun de pret, care ne intereseaza pe noi bancherii : activele imobiliare. Mai exista si forta de munca a individului, insa aceasta, dupa ce l-ai prins in mreje, este utila de speculat, pentru ca acel individ va munci perpetuu pentru noi. Trebuia sa ajungem cumva la aceste active imobiliare ale romanilor; Normele BNR si legile, nu ne permiteau sa putem acorda in masa, credite ipotecare, plus ca aceste credite ipotecare, nu erau 100% avantajoase pentru noi; Asa , ca am profitat de lentoarea in decizie a BNR, si am investit masiv in publicitate pe segmentul creditului de consum. Stiam inca de la bun inceput, faptul ca, cei carora le acordam credite de consum, nu vor avea resurse sa le restituie, astfel, incat, coroborat cu faptul ca, stiam din 2008, ca aceasta criza financiara va lovi si Romania, am calculat totul extrem de bine; Nu trebuia sa fii geniu bancar, ca sa iti dai seama ca intr-o tara precum a voastra, pur si simplu, efectele crizei urmau sa fie devastatoare pentru ca : [1] nu mai produceati nimic; [2] pietele emergente sunt dominate de multinationale, legate de grupurile financiare si bancare pe care noi le reprezentam; [3] urma sa aveti in 2009 un an electoral in care , pe fondul disputelor politice, era de anticipat ca va veti sapa singuri groapa; La acest din urma punct recunosc ca a trebuit sa ne implicam; si asta pentru ca, daca in 2008, actualul presedinte avea o cota de popularitate de vreo 60 %, noi trebuia sa incingem campania, pentru a impinge politicienii sa ia masurile pe care noi le asteptam. UI : Ce masuri asteptati sa ia politicienii ? Spuneti ca ati manipulat partidele ca sa va atingeti scopul economic ? Bancher : Iulian, hai sa ne gandim putin. Noi nu a trebuit decat incingem spiritele, si sa creem un cadru in care, oponentul in alegeri al actualului presedinte, sa recupereze handicapul de imagine, astfel incat sa creem romanilor si politicienilor, impresia unei lupte stranse; Iar de aici pana la luptele politice din Parlament, care au intunecat mintile tuturor partidelor a fost doar un pas, insa decisiv a fost momentul in care tara voastra a ramas fara Guvern. Atunci, si acum in acest moment, orice guvern se va forma, este legat ombilical si total la mana noastra, intrucat, are nevoie de banii nostri, pentru a plati salariile, pensiile, etc. Voi v-ati ales cu spectacolul din presa, noi ne alegem cu banii si castigurile. Practic Romania este a noastra, iar dependenta voastra de noi va deveni totala.Actualul presedinte, ne-a pus putin in dificultate, atunci cand a venit cu guvernul PSD-PDL, pentru ca ceea ce noi ne doream era instabilitate economica si politica; a trebuit sa presam extrem de mult pentru ca ruptura la nivel guvernamental sa se produca, sa cada guvernul, sa se amane sosirea transei de bani de la FMI, insa pana la urma, cunoscand mentalitatea colerica romaneasca, am reusit. UI : Nu imi vine sa cred; este evident ca suntem naivi si starnim furtuni in paharul cu apa; Hai sa revenim putin la acea legatura intre casele romanilor si creditul de consum. Bancher :Iti spuneam ca in 2008, am dat masiv credite de consum; am dat bugetarilor, am dat angajatilor din sectorul privat; Atractia era mare intrucat, nu trebuiau sa prezinte garantii, insa noi stiam ca in 2009, ne vom atinge scopul. Si , in 2009, intr-adevar, pe fondul crizei economice, au explodat restantierii. Asta inseamna ca oamenii nu si-au platit ratele catre banci, iar noi am trecut la executare silita; Aici am avut iar nevoie sa ne concertam eforturile, astfel incat, sa nu existe grupuri financiare romanesti, companii sau persoane private , care sa ne strice planurile, intrucat riscam sa ne trezim ca vin sa cumpere activele imobiliare scoase la vanzare; Asa ca a trebuit sa lovim si mediul de afaceri privat, pentru ca oamenii de afaceri, sa se lupte pentru supravietuire, si sa nu aiba lichiditati pentru a cumpara nimic; A trebuit sa-i facem sa devina preocupati de grija zilei de maine, si sub teama falimentului, ne-am eliminat competitorii. Seful BRD Soc. Gen. spunea intr-un ziar romanesc ca este momentul sa ne eliminam competitorii; Exact asta facem, va eliminam din jocurile economice din propria voastra tara; UI : Ati eliminat concurenta autohtona, blocand creditarea pentru firme si blocand piata executarilor silite ? Bancher : Corect. Si nu a fost greu. Pe o piata interna gatuita de blocajul financiar, firmele romanesti au fost sufocate de lipsa lichiditatilor, iar guvernul din 2009 a fost lasat fara nici o posibilitate de a asigura resursele financiare; Daca intr-o tara guvernul nu are bani pe care sa-i injecteze in economia nationala, iar noi bancherii, va blocam accesul la credite, firmele ajung fix ca o gradina de flori, expusa arsitei zilnice, pe care nu o mai uda nimeni, si care pana la urma va muri; De aceea spuneam ca a trebuit sa ne agitam putin pentru a impiedica acest guvern din 2009 sa puna in aplicare masurile economice, si sa abatem atentia asupra luptei din campania electorala. Dupa ce ne-am asigurat ca pur si simplu nu va exista riscul sa apara intrusi care sa cumpere activele imobiliare, case, terenuri, scoase la vanzare de executorii nostri bancari, am inceput sa trimitem pe banda rulanta dosarele celor care au luat credite de consum , catre executori. Nimeni nu a sesizat faptul ca, nu ne interesa de fapt sa le vindem casele, ci sa manipulam piata imobiliara, sa o tragem in jos, asigurandu-ne in acelasi timp, ca la momentul potrivit, cand curba prabusirii imobiliare va atinge cel mai de jos nivel, grupurile financiare din tarile noastre de origine, sa cumpere masiv si la preturi de nimic aceste active; Te asigur Iulian ca in 2010, un apartament cu trei camere care in 2008 era evaluat la 150000 euro, va fi scos la vanzare , la executare silita, la preturi de sub 30000 de euro si nu va veni nimeni sa cumpere, pentru ca in 2010 toti vor fi preocupati sa tina bani deoparte pentru ziua de maine; Va fi momentul perfect sa cumparam totul pe nimic. Romanii vor deveni chiriasi in propriile case, pentru ca acesta a si fost obiectivul nostru primordial, si anume achizitiile la preturi infime. Pentru asta era obligatoriu sa ducem piata imobiliara la un maxim, pentru ca pe fondul prabusirii acesteia, noi sa culegem caimacul. Si la plan se adauga si presiunea pe moneda voastra nationala. UI : Ce presiune ? Vad acum ca leul se intareste, desi, intr-o tara care nu produce nimic, aflata in criza politica, lovita de criza financiara, nu imi explic care poate fi suportul de intarire a leului. Bancher : Pai este vorba de aceiasi reteta, care se invata la orice curs de MBA. Asa cum piata imobiliara a fost dusa de noi la maximuri ireale, pentru ca trebuia sa va dam credite la valori foarte mari, ca sa aveti pe urmatorii 30-40 de platit rate uriase catre noi, pentru a deveni in acest interval de timp, atat proprietarii caselor voastre, dar si asigurandu-ne ca veti munci voi si familiile voastre pentru noi, pentru a plati aceste rate ireale, tot asa, bula speculativa a monedei nationale, trebuie manipulata , insa in sens invers. In cazul speculatiilor pe moneda nationala, trebuie sa ducem leul la un nivel minim, cat mai mic posibil, lasandu-l apoi sa explodeze, sa urce la valori mari, valori reale, undeva catre peste 5 ron pentru un euro. Adica vom face euro atat de scump incat, sa nu va puteti permite sa cumparati activele imobiliare scoase la executare silita, nici cand ele vor avea valori in euro, relativ mici, dar si pentru ca, micimea salariilor romanilor, salarii platite in lei, sa faca din rata catre banca, un cosmar al vietii de zi cu zi. Totul legal, profitand de naivitatea generala, de ternele lupte politice si de tot acest context romanesc , care din 2006 lucreaza pentru noi si in interesul nostru. Iata ca ieri euro era deja la 4,21 lei. Stirea de la TV suna asa : moneda nationala se apreciaza pe fondul interesului investitorilor straini pentru leu. Ma amuza extrem de mult, analistii financiari romani care isi dau cu pararea intr-un fel care pur si simplu ne face jocul si planul mai facil. Si iti jur ca nu-i platim. Nu pe toti. Sunt siderat ca acesti analisti romani, nu se intreaba macar asa in treacat, cum i-a lovit pe baietii din Londra interesul fata de leu, taman acum cand bondurile romanesti sunt percepute printre cele mai riscante din lume. Conform Bloomberg, cotatiile CDS-urilor (niste asigurari impotriva riscului de neplata) pentru obligatiunile romanesti erau la inceputul saptamanii de 2,8%, doar Ucraina cu aproape 14% (!), Pakistan (6,9%), Letonia (5,7%), Dubai (4,6%), Islanda (4%) si Lituania (3,3%) stand mai prost. Kazahstan, Estonia, Bulgaria, Grecia (cu deficit bugetar de 12% din PIB si datorie externa de peste 100% din PIB), Turcia sunt percepute ca zone financiare mai sigure. Ei bine, nimeni la voi nu se intreaba cum este posibil ca , investitorii straini s-au indragostit brusc de leu inainte de al doilea tur al alegerilor prezidentiale. Dragoste care ii cuprinsese daca iti aduci aminte si inainte de alegerile parlamentare din 2008, dupa care cursul a cazut in cap la 4 lei/euro pana la sfarsitul anului. Sa spunem ca este vorba acum doar de precuparea BNR pentru confortul financiar temporar al votantului autohton? De o mica specula a bancilor romanesti incurajate prin pasivitate de BNR, care sa coboare cursul pentru a profita apoi de cresterea de rigoare? Poate fi valabila fiecare din aceste explicatii, chiar si amandoua simultan. Investitorii straini au impins deja euro spre 4,21 lei in sedinta de ieri, cursul coborand astfel cu 1,8% fata de sfarsitul saptamanii trecute. La cursul BNR, euro a coborat la 4,2171 lei, cel mai scazut nivel de la inceputul lui august.In primul rand, leul pare ieftin. UI : Asadar totul este componenta a unui plan; cand va fi detonat ? Bancher : In ciuda galopului inregistrat de alte active din aceeasi clasa de risc in ultimele zece luni, leul nu are cum sa participe la aceasta revenire , fiind evident pentru orice incepator, ca este totul o bula speculativa ; " investitorii urmaresc cu ingrijorare mai intai derularea acordului cu Fondul Monetar International, iar mai apoi turbulentele de pe scena politica", spune Koon Chow, analist la Barclays Capital, una dintre cele mai mari banci de investitii britanice. El considera ca euro ar putea sa coboare spre 4,1 lei.Balon de sapun, care este un element al sarjei finale de cumparare a Romaniei la OUTLET.Pentru ca defapt, prin incingerea campaniei electorale, noi avem acoperirea perfecta ca nimeni nu mai are timp sa ne strice planurile. UI : Ce veti face cu acte active, cu casele romanilor ? Bancher : Pai este esential sa controlam aceste active, intrucat, ele sunt o moneda de tranzactionare pe pietele internationale; Uitati-va la Dubai acolo unde expunerile bancilor noastre, se lovesc de nevoia de a acoperi pierderile; Pierderile se acopera prin cresterea ritmului de exploatare a muncii celor care au credite la banci; Ei trebuie constransi sa lucreze mai mult, si sa plateasca rate mai mari catre noi; Avand in mana bunul cel mai de pret al unui om, locuinta, acesta va munci pentru noi; Recreem astfel sistemul sclavagist perfect, in care aparenta de libertate, in care mintea si atentia cetateanului este atrasa de lupta politica, fara ca cineva sa mai aiba timp sa se gandeasca la ce li se intampla cu adevarat. Iar cand se vor trezi va fi de fapt foarte tarziu; Noua ne trebuie sa exploatam forta de munca a voastra , sa va impingem sa munciti mai mult ca sa ne platiti noua mai mult. UI : Mai am o singura intrebare; Spuneti ca ati contribuit la incingerea campaniei electorale, pentru ca trebuia sa saditi samanta unei confruntari politice puternice, intrucat instabilitatea politica era necesara; Concret, ati platit politicieni romani sa puna umarul la actuala criza politica ? Bancher : In mod evident, in 2007 si 2008 am sprijinit si sustinut politicieni care avea acces la fraiele guvernarii, ca sa fim lasati sa derulam amplul program de acordare masiva a creditelor de consum. In 2009 fiind an electoral, grija noastra a fost sa alimentam puternic aparitia unui contracandidat puternic pentru actualul presedinte, care avea o cota mare de popularitate, si am reusit. Mult mai usor si mai ieftin decat ne imaginam. Sa ne intelegem : noua nu ne pasa cine va iesi presedinte, pentru ca sunteti la mana noastra, in plan guvernamental. A fost mai usor pentru ca, aveti in Romania o pasiune extrem de mare, sa va consumati energiile fix in directiile care nu va aduc avantaje, care va ingroapa sansele la un viitor mai bun. Suntem si noi uimiti de modul in care, marea masa a jurnalistilor, ne-au facut misiunea mult mai usoara, implicandu-se in aceasta campanie electorala emotional, doar pe fondul ideii ca actualul vostru presedinte trebuie dat jos, fara sa aiba nici un fel de viziune economica asupra realitatii. Repet, noi doar am alimentat ascensiunea unui oponent puternic pentru dl. Basescu, si restul l-a facut mass-media, si naivitatea voastra , de la sine. Anul 2010 va aduce si rasplata pentru munca depusa de noi in ultimii 4 ani, pentru ca vom aduce Romania la statutul de tara total si , cel mai important, ireversibil dependenta , de fraiele complicatului sistem financiar-bancar mondial. Nu vreau sa par cinic insa, in 1989, toate activele tarii erau ale clasei proletare, adica de fapt ale nimanui, fiind controlate de o mana de oameni care decideau in aceasta tara si pentru a caror bunastare, muncea intreaga natiune ; La 20 de ani, veti fi ajuns fix in aceeiasi situatie, adica nimic nu va mai fi in proprietatea voastra, si veti munci sa va platiti datoriile. Iar economia nationala va fi dominata de multinationalele controlat indirect tot de noi, in vreme ce falimentele firmelor romanesti, detinute de romani, vor continua si in 2010, intrucat fara finantare , fara credite, si cu un guvern care nu are resurse financiare, nu exista sanse de supravietuire. Astfel incat, tinerii romani vor avea doar doua optiuni : angajati la stat, sau angajati la multinationalele straine; In ambele variante, numai noi castigam.

Amos J. Hochstein Special Envoy and Coordinator for International Energy Affairs Telephonic Press Briefing Hosted by the Brussels Media Hub May 6, 2016

09 05 2016 23:52
Moderator: Thanks so much, Kathy, and good morning or good afternoon, everybody, depending on where you’re calling in from. Greetings from the U.S. Department of State. I would like to welcome all of you dialing in from across Europe and course those of you in Washington as well, and thank you for joining this discussion today. We are very pleased to be joined from Washington by Amos Hochstein, the U.S. Special Envoy and Coordinator for International Energy Affairs. Special Envoy Hochstein is going to speak with you about energy security and cooperation. And of course as you all know, this week the U.S.-EU Energy Council met in Washington, so he can offer his insights with you about that as well. And we thank you, Mr. Hochstein, for taking the time to join us today. We’re going to begin today’s call with opening remarks, then we’re going to turn right over to your questions, and we’re going to try to get to as many as we can during the time that we have. Today’s call is on the record. With that, I will turn it over to you Special Envoy Hochstein, for your opening remarks. Special Envoy Hochstein: Thank you very much, and welcome everyone to the call. I appreciate the opportunity to do this. As was mentioned, and I’ll be brief to give some time for questions and answers. But let me begin with the U.S.-EU Energy Council meeting. This council was established as one of the first actions by the administration, by President Obama and Secretary Clinton in 2009 as a mechanism to create a better coordination and collaboration between the United States and the EU on issues primarily of energy security, and has expanded over time in order to cover the broad range of energy issues. It was established in 2009 because of the energy crisis that faced Europe the very first day of 2009, in January, when Russian gas was cut off to Ukraine and later on was cut off as well to other countries in Europe that receive gas through Ukraine. Over time, as I said, this council has been able to address a variety of issues. We have come a long way since 2009 where the cooperation between the United States and the EU on the issue of energy security has really matured and strengthened and has become constant. Barely a week goes by without contact between the State Department and officials in Brussels, as well as regular contact with, on these issues throughout Eastern and Western Europe. We addressed a number of issues in this council meeting that Secretary Kerry, High Representative Mogherini, Secretary Moniz and Vice President Sefcovic and Commissioner Canete were chairing. We addressed first the issues of energy security. We looked at the progress that’s been made toward achieving greater energy security throughout Europe and the concern that we in the United States have that energy is being used as not only a tool and a weapon against, for political leverage in certain parts of Europe, but also as a divisive mechanism and allowing for a very different energy reality in Eastern and Central Europe and the Baltics compared to Western Europe where it is freely traded and more integrated, while in Eastern and Central Europe it is not integrated, it is not freely traded, and it lacks the ability to move freely between countries. So we discussed a lot of the progress on that, primarily the LNG terminal in Klaipeda, Lithuania; the electricity interconnection from the Baltics to Scandinavia; the same electricity interconnection between the Baltics and Poland as well as the new LNG terminal in Poland. We also noted that this meeting was coming on the heels or right with a backdrop of the first U.S. LNG exports cargo arriving in Europe in Lisbon, Portugal, just a few days before the council meeting, which I think signals a far, a new reality and a new exciting future of participation of the United States market in the European market as part of the broader global market and broader global exports from the United States of natural gas. But I am still concerned that the ability for Eastern and Central Europe in particular to benefit from new technologies and new markets is limited, and when countries are still reliant, the only way the countries can stop being reliant 100 percent on one supplier is by having the mechanism to receive new gas and new energy products. And as long as the infrastructure is not there, they will not be able to benefit from it. Which is a shame, especially at the time when gas prices arriving in Europe have become so cheap and could be so supportive of those particular economies and their consumers. To do that there must be more progress to achieve a floating LNG terminal in Croatia, in the Adriatic in Krk Island. To achieve that we need a similar floating LNG terminal in Greece, and in particular the building of the interconnector between Greece and Bulgaria known as the IGB, coupled with the interconnection between Bulgaria and Serbia and other interconnections throughout the region that will allow for a completely new future for the entire region. This is not, what we discussed in the meeting is that is not about Russia, it’s not against Russia. On the contrary, Russia has the largest reserves, it is a neighbor, and it has infrastructure. This is about creating and generating competition for Russian gas and allowing for non-Russian gas to have the ability to enter the market which currently does not exist. We also noted the very important developments in the Southern Gas Corridor which is the pipeline that goes from Azerbaijan through Georgia, Turkey, into Greece, Albania and finally into Italy with, as I said, a spur, an interconnection connecting north into Bulgaria. I’ve represented the United States in attending the groundbreaking ceremonies in Azerbaijan and Turkey and I look forward to representing the United States in the May 17th ceremonies in Thessaloniki for the final chapter. This is a groundbreaking pipeline that has as much commercial as it does geopolitical implications for Azerbaijan, for the Caspian, for Turkey, and for Europe. So we are very excited. And that is a region that despite the fact that there has been no U.S. corporate involvement or financial involvement in this pipeline whatsoever, we have still seen this as a top priority for U.S. national security over the last several years. Finally, we also discussed some of the concerns of existing projects that are being discussed such as the Nord Stream 2 project. The United States is deeply concerned about a pipeline that would endanger the economic viability of Ukraine and Slovakia, that would deepen the rift between East and West and freeze it in time for another generation, and that would move overall energy security and Energy Union concerns significantly backwards. The concept of Energy Union was something that was established and promoted by the EU. Nord Stream 2 is not, in our opinion, is not compatible with the vision of an Energy Union, nor is it compatible with energy security, nor is it compatible with overall unity and national security for Europe in its entirety and its relationship with its closest neighbors in Ukraine and elsewhere. So that was, we had a brief discussion on that and discussed the way forward. I strongly believe that the best alternative to Nord Stream 2 is the acceleration of the Southern Gas Corridor, the acceleration of an LNG terminal in Croatia and in Greece, as well as the IGB, the interconnector Greece-Bulgaria project. Those are the best answers. They are far more efficient. They are more cost-effective. And they contribute rather than decline energy security and overall unity in Europe. Finally, we discussed the, in the post-Paris environment the urgent need to move forward in a collaborative manner towards COP22, understanding that the close collaboration and cooperation between Europe and the United States led to the great success in Paris and we want the momentum to lead us to the meetings in Morocco. But we also discussed cooperation because I believe that it is the responsibility of countries such as the United States and all of Europe to not only think of ourselves when it comes to renewable energy integration, but to think of the rest of the world that while they may have the political will and desire to move forward, lack in many cases the regulatory environment and the governmental capacity to be able to implement those changes. So we are going to be discussing how we can cooperate on providing assistance to those parts of the world. That is going to be my focus for the rest of this year, to establish programs with support for countries in need. But we also have to look at not just in small countries and developing countries, but how do you overcome the access to finance from the private sector that many countries have been, have suffered from, and that includes small countries as well as big countries such as India where availability of finance, of private sector finance to the renewable energy industry is currently lacking, and if that could be overcome it would unleash an enormous amount of investment, job creation, and cleaner energy sources around the world. I will stop there and see if there are any questions that I’m happy to take. Thank you. Moderator: Great. Thank you so much for setting the stage for us. We are going to begin the question and answer portion of today’s call. Our first question today is coming to us from Bulgaria, and we’ve got Angel Petrov of Novinite.com. Angel, go ahead. Novinite.com: Hello, everyone. So you already mentioned that the Nord Stream pipeline, Nord Stream 2, I mean, is incompatible with EU, and possibly U.S. requirements, but given the priority placed on the Southern Gas Corridor to supply the Balkans with gas, are Russian plants making deliveries along the [Poseidon Route] between Greece and Italy? And how is this link compatible with the Southern Gas Corridor and other projects prioritized by the EU and the U.S.? Special Envoy Hochstein: I think that what I’ll say is, I think there are a lot of projects out there being proposed, from the one you just mentioned to East Ring and others. I think that there are a lot of distractions. The ones that are ready for implementation and support the goals of energy security, national security, economic security and overall unity are the ones I mentioned -- the interconnector between Greece and Bulgaria; the TAP as its original plan, as it is planned today to go into Italy, that route, as well as the Croatia terminal with an interconnection to Hungary and potentially onwards to Ukraine. Those are the projects, along with smaller projects inside Europe, between Bulgaria and Romania, and Romania and Hungary, et cetera. But I think the others at this point are a distraction from what is entirely a doable project. I fear sometimes that new proposals and MOUs that are announced have little more than the goal of distracting from the good projects that are underway and have very little behind them in terms of willingness to implementation. Moderator: Thank you. Our next question is coming to us from Brian Wingfield of Bloomberg News. Bloomberg News: Hi. Thanks for doing this. The meeting also comes on the heels of the meeting by some oil producers in OPEC and Russia to discuss potentially capping production which we now know didn’t produce a deal. I’m wondering if this was discussed at all at the summit, and what types of discussions are you having with the countries that were involved in that producer’s meeting about oil supplies going forward. Special Envoy Hochstein: Well, we did not discuss it yesterday. I think we discussed, we noted the environment in which we are living in the current oil markets. I was in Doha a couple of days, or two days after the failed meeting, and I can tell you that I said at the time, I don’t think anybody should have been surprised by the lack of the ability to reach an agreement. One of the major producers coming back on-line is Iran. It is hardly, it should have been hardly anybody’s expectation that a country that has been under extreme sanctions, and I should know I was in charge of the implementation of oil sanctions against Iran, any expectation that they would adhere to a cap of production, freezing them at sanctions levels, was, I think was not reading the situation correctly. Second, when you have a price reduction in oil that is a result of a glut in oil supply versus demand, freezing production at peak levels is hardly the answer that would result in much more than a psychological signal. So I think what, instead of focusing on coming together with an arbitrary or artificial intervention in the market, we are already seeing, we should focus instead on what we’re already seeing which is a, the market addressing itself. Demand will rise, instead of capped production by governments, we’re seeing capex reduction by companies that will ultimately lead to less production, balancing the market again, and reaching out to a future that has a more balanced approach and maybe a different price level. The oil markets have been volatile since they were, since trading started. I don’t expect that to change, but I think that instead of having the artificial intervention, we’re at a new era which makes it a lot more difficult. OPIC is still an important organism in the oil markets. But so are several other oil producers, namely the United States that will not, have not and will not participate in these kinds of artificial interventions. Moderator: Thank you. For our next question we’re going to jump over to Azerbaijan and take a question from the Caspian International Broadcasting Company, Rustan Abdul Aliyev. Caspian International Broadcasting Company: Mr. Hochstein, as you know, Azerbaijani gas plays a crucial role in the Southern Gas Corridor. The project envisages transportation of 10 billion cubic meters of Azerbaijani gas from the Caspian Sea to Europe. What are the prospects for further U.S.-Azerbaijan energy cooperation given that Azerbaijan is becoming a major exporter of gas to world markets? Special Envoy Hochstein: As you mentioned, Azerbaijan is a critical piece to energy security in Europe. The Southern Gas Corridor is, originates in Azerbaijan. I believe that we will continue to have a close relationship with Azerbaijan and to work closely together on expanding that. I think that the current oil market conditions have been painful for Azerbaijan and are painful for Azerbaijan, and we are also looking to see how we can play a role in the diversification of the Azerbaijani economy as well as looking at ensuring the energy security of Azerbaijan itself. One of the things that we can do is to begin discussing the expansion of Caspian beyond Azerbaijan, where Azerbaijan can play not only the role of producer and seller into Europe, but also as a transit point in the region as well. I think that will be a very good thing for Azerbaijan and incredibly important for Europe and the rest of Central Asia as well. Moderator: Our next question is coming to us from Alexey Bogdanovsky from RIA Novosti. RIA Novosti: Hello. I’m calling from Washington, DC. Maybe by coincidence, but Secretary Kerry and Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov addressed the issue of Nord Stream 2 the same day, actually, and Sergei Lavrov said that this was purely a commercial concept, I’m quoting here, and attempts to block it are of an entirely political nature, and the United States is engaged and is still trying to create difficulties through their particularly close friends in NATO. So I wanted to ask you to elaborate why the United States believes this project to be harmful, and whether the United States is influencing allies not to take part in it. Special Envoy Hochstein: I think that we’ve made clear we do not believe this is a commercial project. This is a, on the contrary, this is a project that takes the same gas to the same consumers through a new route when a perfectly good route already exists. At a time where every energy company in the planet is reducing their expenditures to only those that are most beneficial economically, this seems to be a project that has little to do with balance sheets and costs. It would simply seek to divert gas that is flowing through Ukraine to another location. It would concentrate 80 percent of Russian gas flows to Europe in one location, which is also not something that is good from a commercial perspective. I would remind everyone that Nord Stream 1, which is currently in operation, is only at 50 percent utilization and there has been very little ability to prove the concept of a commercial argument for this project. I will say even more. There are enormous amounts of gas coming onto the market over the next five years from the United States, from Australia, and from other places. The United States and Australia will have as much gas coming on the market as Qatar is exporting today. By doubling, for Europe to double down on physical infrastructure that is not flexible to new markets, it is shutting itself out from the new market capabilities and opportunities that could come with these lower prices. That is, therefore, that is a commercial argument against the project. Moreover, as I said before, the political part of this project is not our opposition, but rather the project itself. It is either by design or by consequence a divisive project within Europe, and that is something that has raised concerns both here in the United States, as well as concerns throughout Eastern Europe and Central Europe as well as most in Western Europe. I have seen very few things where letters from 50 percent or 35 percent of the EU are sent to Brussels objecting to a project, where there is not emergency meetings to see what needs to be done about it. This is something that clearly has some concerns. At the very least, a pause can be taken in order to assess the implications on energy security and on overall national security of the EU. But again, that is something for the EU to decide. The United States is expressing our concerns because our commitment to energy security and economic security in Europe is directly linked to our concern for national security, and we are committed to that. So therefore, we have these discussions as friends, as partners, as collaborators, and we will continue to have those. Moderator: The next question is coming to us from Ed King of Climate Home. Climate Home: Thank you very much for having this. Two quick questions. One is, can you give us an update on Mission Innovation which was announced by the U.S.-EU among others in Paris, that seems to have gone a bit quiet since. Is there any point where we can expect more information on this? And just a quick one on the LNG imports into Europe. To what extent do you think these could be a conflict with the U.S. and Europe’s climate change goals given we are supposed to start using fewer fossil fuels, be they coal, oil, or gas? Special Envoy Hochstein: Let me start with your second question first. I don’t think it’s in conflict with our climate goals. First we have to deal with the reality of the heating climate. The heating in Europe is done largely by natural gas, and I believe that we need to actually move towards more use of natural gas as a transition fuel towards renewable energy. We cannot replace everything in one day. In many cases we have seen that the rise in renewable energy in parts of the world including in Europe has come while -- a rise that has been coupled with coal rise and squeezing out gas. So the competition here really is much more between gas and coal, and I think the transition from coal to gas we can all agree is a good one. So I think that we’re in a place where we’d like to see more of a growth towards gas, and if you look around the world, we’re seeing competition to gas coming actually from coal and, including in Asia where an alarming number of countries that were thinking about natural gas have actually shelved those and are looking at coal plants, coal-fired plants instead, and I think that’s a concern. As far as your question on Mission Innovation, I think Secretary Moniz discussed it at the council meeting. I think it’s very much still on the agenda and we’re very excited about it and there will be a meeting in San Francisco next month around the time of the Clean Energy Ministerial, and there were discussions, continuous discussions about adding new members and moving forward on the implementation phase of it as well. I would suggest that you, I would refer you to my friend Secretary Moniz for more of the detailed information since he is chairing that initiative out of the Department of Energy. Moderator: Our next question is coming to us from Greece and we’ve got Kostas Mavraganis from Huffington Post Greece on the line. Huffington Post Greece: Hello from Greece. There has been increasing activity in the energy sector in Greece in light of the developments regarding the TAP project and the search for hydrocarbons in the Eastern Med. In light of this, do you expect Greece to evolve into a more important player in the energy field? Or such expectations are considered to be overly optimistic? And last, I would like ask if it is far-fetched to think that, especially in light of developments on the TAP project, is the State Department replacing its ambassador in Greece, replacing Mr. Pearce with Mr. Pyatt? Would that be connected to that whole thing developing on? Special Envoy Hochstein: First, let me just say that I think that Greece is already playing a critical role and can play an even bigger, and will play, an even bigger role in energy. Because I think that Greece is that natural place for a transit of natural gas from an interconnection not only from Turkey into Bulgaria and the rest of Europe but also from future gas supplies from the Eastern Mediterranean once they are produced from Egypt, from Israel, from Cyprus. And I think that is a critical role that the TAP project will be the beginning of. But the IGB will be a continuation as well as my real hope for the future for a few years from now when we can get even more volumes of gas into the system, that we can build another transit system from Greece and Albania through, all the way north to the Adriatic coast. And I think that that just shows the potential. As we see the Eastern Mediterranean develop and it’s facing some hiccups now in Israel which are of concern and I hope that they can overcome their legal obstacles to actually develop one of the largest fields ever discovered in the Mediterranean in Leviathan, to couple that with the Cypriot and Egyptian fields, Greece is a natural place for LNG cargoes to land and to serve as a transit point into the rest of Europe. Greece has already an LNG terminal at Revithoussa but in building a, or in welcoming a floating LNG boat terminal in Alexandroupolis, it could expand its capability as that hub. I know the international investor community is looking forward to becoming, to playing a bigger role in Greece. I would add that as quickly as possible, if we can also complete the privatization that’s on the agenda of [inaudible], we will, that will once again contribute to Greece’s ability to expand its influence in the region. As far as any personnel issues, you know, we have a great ambassador in David Pearce in Greece who has been a partner of mine on this issue and a leader in Greece on many issues. I am not aware of any transitions, but if any occur they’re on a regular basis and regular terms, as they always are. Moderator: We only have time for one more question, unfortunately. For this one we’re going to jump over to Cyprus and take a question from Loukas Fesais from ANTENNA 1 TV. Are you there? Okay, then we’ll go ahead and take the next question from, back to Azerbaijan from Elena Kosolapova who is with TREND News Agency. Elena, you get the last question. TREND News Agency: Thank you. My question is about the gas supplies or energy supplies to Europe and its competition with Azerbaijani fuel. So Mr. Hochstein, do you see the U.S. as an alternative gas supplier that can compete with Azerbaijani fuel on the European market? Special Envoy Hochstein: The United States is not a competitor to Azerbaijan at all. On the contrary, we are compatible. Azerbaijan will, gas resources being supplied to Turkey and to Europe are critically important and do not compete with American gas. Right now American Gas has no way to get to that region in Europe. We can only supply into, maybe into Lithuania and into Spain and Portugal, so I don’t see that as a competition. But even in the future, the pipeline gas that Azerbaijan is delivering is already sold, and therefore until there is a major expansion of Azeri gas availability onto the market, Azerbaijan is actually way at the, years ahead of the United States on the international market on this. So the answer is no, we’re not competitors. We are partners and good ones at that. Moderator: Thank you. And I want to thank you Special Envoy Hochstein for spending some time with us today talking about these issues. Did you have any last closing remarks that you’d like to make? Special Envoy Hochstein: No, I want to thank the Brussels Hub and our folks and everybody for tuning in, and calling in and I know that we’re always available to answer questions for folks, but this is an issue -- energy security and primarily in Europe -- it’s something that is not only at the top of my agenda, obviously, but has become one of the top agenda items on national security for Secretary Kerry, Vice President Biden, and President Obama, and I suspect that will be the case in the years to come. So this is a critical issue for our foreign policy considerations, and I thank everybody for calling in today. Moderator: Indeed. Thank you, and thanks to all of our participants and for your great questions.

Sesiune aniversara Norman Manea la Biblioteca Academiei Romane

09 05 2016 23:44
Luni, 23 mai, incepind cu ora 9.00, in Sala „Ion Heliade Radulescu” a Bibliotecii Academiei Romane (Calea Victoriei 125, Bucuresti), va avea loc o sesiune aniversara dedicata lui Norman Manea, unul dintre cei mai importanti scriitori romani contemporani, cu ocazia implinirii virstei de 80 de ani. La evenimentul aniversar „NORMAN MANEA – O VIATA” vor participa personalitati marcante ale lumii culturale si academice atit din tara, cit si de peste hotare: Gabriela Adamesteanu, Paul Bailey, Dana Berdila, Ana Blandiana, Margarita Boyers, Robert Boyers, Augustin Buzura, Nicolas Cavailles, Magda Carneci, Paul Cernat, Livius Ciocarlie, Paul Cornea, Ioan Cristescu, Caius Dobrescu, Mircea Dumitru, Florin Filip, Luca Formenton, Mariana Gorczyca, Ioana Gruia, Olivier Guez, Bedros Horasangian, Annabelle Hirsch, Emil Hurezeanu, Emil lonescu, Nora Iuga, Victor Ivanovic, Elvira Lindo, Vittorio Lingiardi, Silviu Lupescu, Alberto Manguel, Alexandru Marinescu, Mircea Martin, Mercedes Monmany, Rosa Maria Moro de Andres, Ana Nicolau, Antonio Munoz Molina, Maria Nadotti, Ingemar Nillson, Florence Noiville, Andrei Plesu, Bogdan Popescu, Stephanie Tarnqvist, Joan Tarrida, Stelian Tanase, He Lea Wakeman, Monica Zgustova. Gazdele evenimentului vor fi Carmen Musat si Claudiu Turcus. Norman Manea, unul dintre cei mai cunoscuti si apreciati scriitori romani, profesor de literatura europeana si writer in residence la Bard College, New York, implineste anul acesta 80 de ani – o virsta venerabila si un parcurs existential si literar semnificativ, marcat de tumultuoasa istorie a secolului XX. A parasit Romania acum treizeci de ani, fara sa plece insa din limba romana, in care a continuat sa scrie in tot acest timp. Atent observator al naturii umane, preocupat sa surprinda conexiunile profunde dintre etic si estetic, precum si atitudinea intelectualului in situatii extreme, Norman Manea este un autor recunoscut si pretuit pretutindeni. Dovada stau nenumaratele traduceri ale cartilor lui, precum si ecourile pe care acestea le-au stirnit in Franta si in Italia, in Germania si in Statele Unite ale Americii, in Suedia, Spania, Polonia, Cehia si chiar in China. Detinator al unor prestigioase premii internationale – dintre care Premiul MacArthur (1992), Nonino (2002), Medicis Etranger (2006), Nelly Sachs (2011), celebrul scriitor, distins de Guvernul francez cu titlul de „Commandeur dans l’Ordre des Arts et des Lettres” (in 2011) si laureat al Premiului National de Literatura (Romania 2012), nu si-a uitat niciodata locul de bastina. Despre cartile sale au scris de-a lungul anilor mari nume ale culturii de pe mai multe continente, iar opera sa a facut obiectul unor studii concludente, aparute la edituri de prestigiu din intreaga lume. Un eveniment: Observator cultural Editura Polirom Muzeul National al Literaturii Romane Facultatea de Litere, Universitatea Bucuresti Institutul Cultural Roman Biblioteca Academiei Romane Sectia de Filologie si Literatura a Academiei Romane Institutul Cervantes din Bucuresti Cu sprijinul: Musat&Asociatii

MAKE.TV LAUNCHES LIVE VIDEO CLOUD PLATFORM FOR BROADCASTERS AND CONTENT PRODUCERS

09 05 2016 23:42
(Las Vegas, NV and NAB) - April 18, 2016 - Make.tv, the world's leading #cloud-based #video production platform, today announced the commercial availability of its Live Video Cloud platform, which enables #broadcasters and #publishers to acquire, manage and distribute video content submitted by professionals and amateurs alike. Leading content producers MTV/Viacom, LinkedIn and the Swiss Broadcasting Corp are among the early adopters of the platform. At this year’s NAB Show, which takes place April 16-21, 2016 at the Las Vegas Convention Center, Make.tv will be demonstrating technology integrations with key partners, which include: Arvato Systems (Booth SU5515, South Upper Hall), Avid Everywhere (Booth SU902, South Upper Hall) and NewTek (Booth SL5817, South Lower Hall). Using the free #Streamtag app for iOS and Android smartphones and tablets, news sources and user-groups from anywhere in the world can shoot footage from breaking news scenes, festivals, events or live TV programs, and stream it live to newsrooms and other production environments where it can be instantly edited and posted into a production segment in an efficient and manageable way. Producers can also choose to acquire feeds from different sources like Periscope or Facebook Live and stream them to Live Video Cloud using a specific hashtag. The following components of the Live Video Cloud platform, which can be integrated within the customer’s broadcast environment, will be showcased at NAB: · Make.tv Acquire is a workflow plugin that enables 1-to-1 communication between producer and contributor. It allows producers to monitor live or uploaded video streams, communicate via intercom or chat with the contributor, route streams to live outputs, browse by production, contributor or location and receive upload notifications. · Make.tv Selector is a video router within the cloud that also acts as a sub-switch, enabling broadcasters to ingest, curate and route large amounts of live footage through the system, on a scale that's never been done before. Broadcasters can browse through unlimited input/output streams, communicate via chat or intercom with contributors, route videos into newsrooms or live production environments and push outputs to video platforms or content delivery networks (CDN) directly. · #Streamtag mobile app converts any smartphone or tablet into a fully integrated system camera and enables users to configure third party devices. The app features high quality live streaming, camera mode with tally light, chat & integrated intercom, file management & upload queue, external device configuration via ingest URLs and optional multi-angle in-app viewing of video contributions. "We wanted to give producers the most comprehensive view possible of all user-generated content coming in through our app so that they can choose the best footage possible for live segments," said Andreas Jacobi, CEO, Make.tv. “Whether our customers are broadcasting live TV news segments or capturing audience participation for a reality program, our Live Video Cloud platform enables broadcasters to acquire relevant content fast and more cost efficiently from anybody, anywhere.” Press Assets: https://drive.google.com/folderview?id=0BzXpSG6B4YnWbHk1czVaU0dvS2c&usp=sharing About Make.tv Make.tv is the leading cloud based live video platform. The versatile solution allows production and distribution of multi-camera live streams that combine pre-recorded media and user-generated content submitted by mobile users from anywhere in the world. Clients include LinkedIn, MTV/Viacom, Perform, Plazamedia, ProSiebenSat.1, ZDF, Mercedes Benz, Swiss Broadcasting Corp (SRF) and tape.tv. Make.tv is owned by Streaming Media Technologies GmbH (SMT) and is based in Cologne, Germany. For more information, visit www.make.tv.

PHABRIX and the UHDTV Qx at NAB

04 05 2016 23:23
PHABRIX announced at NAB that it was now shipping its new platform for UHDTV - the Qx for test and measurement. Focussed on compliance verification for UHDTV1/4K and UHDTV2/8K standards made the Qx a ‘must see’ for many manufacturers of products requiring both an analysis and generation toolset – essential for product testing at these new high bandwidth standards. PHABRIX was also presenting its patented physical layer analysis for signals up to 12Gbps packaged under the trade mark, RTE – ‘real time eye’ on the Qx. Paul Nicholls marketing director explained: ‘The need for compliance testing for UHDTV in the broadcast industry requires that specific measurements are taken as part of a product’s release. In the SMPTE standards these include eye amplitude, overshoot, undershoot, rise time and fall time with timing and alignment jitter readings. The Qx provides these readings automatically from the real time eye, there is no processing within the chip set, the signal is displayed ‘live’ for accurate T&M’. The bandwidth of the data being analysed at 12Gbps of course is immense which is why the cost of the Qx represents a very cost effective solution compared to a high end oscilloscope. The Qx represents British innovation at its best and has been adopted already by many of the industry’s leading companies providing product for UHDTV.’ The Qx on display at NAB was available in two versions, one with the RTE technology for physical layer analysis and one without. Each supports up to a 48Gbps payload with four separate 12Gbps input and outputs. PHABRIX was also showing updates to both its portable and rackmount instruments. The PHABRIX SxE, still the most popular hand held in broadcasting today, was offerring discounts on a bundled Engineering option. The PHABRIX multi interface TAG with its complete solution from analogue to 3G-SDI with SFP support for optical has a new HDMI EDID viewer SFP option and an HDMI generator SFP. The Rx rackmount was impresive with PHABRIX’s dedicated toolset for quality control, OB support and broadcast engineering bays featured on the stand. With the release of version V9.04 software at NAB, the Rx demonstrated new enhanced closed caption monitoring and signal line detect tools. With increasing support for both video and audio T&M, the Rx is establishing itself as a compelling one box solution at a very cost effective price point.

NAB OPENS 2016 MARCONI RADIO AWARDS NOMINATION WINDOW

04 05 2016 23:05
WASHINGTON, D.C.-- The National Association of Broadcasters (NAB) announced today that it will accept nominations for the 2016 NAB Marconi Radio Awards until May 31. The Marconi Radio Awards recognize overall excellence and performance in radio. Stations and on-air personalities may nominate themselves in the categories of "Station of the Year by Market Size," "Station of the Year by Format," "Noncommercial Station of the Year," "Personality of the Year by Market Size," and "Legendary Station." Syndicators and affiliates may also submit nominations for the category of "Network/Syndicated Personality of the Year." Nominations must be submitted online. Finalists will be announced in July. On September 22, the winners will be announced during the NAB Marconi Radio Awards Dinner & Show at the Radio Show, produced by the Radio Advertising Bureau and NAB, held in Nashville (September 21-23). About the Radio Show The 2016 Radio Show, produced by the Radio Advertising Bureau (RAB) and the National Association of Broadcasters (NAB), will be held September 21-23 in Nashville. This year's show brings radio broadcasters and industry colleagues together to share knowledge, discover the latest innovations, network with industry leaders and explore creative business strategies for the digital age. To learn more about the 2016 Radio Show, visit www.radioshowweb.com. About RAB The Radio Advertising Bureau serves more than 6,000 member Radio stations in the U.S. and over 1,000 member networks, representative firms, broadcast vendors, and international organizations. RAB leads and participates in educational, research, sales, and advocacy programs that promote and advance Radio as a primary advertising medium. Learn more at www.rab.com. About NAB The National Association of Broadcasters is the premier advocacy association for America's broadcasters. NAB advances radio and television interests in legislative, regulatory and public affairs. Through advocacy, education and innovation, NAB enables broadcasters to best serve their communities, strengthen their businesses and seize new opportunities in the digital age.

DISCUŢIE CU CREATORUL POLITIFACT, PROIECTUL LAUREAT CU PREMIUL PULITZER PENTRU VERIFICAREA ADEVĂRULUI DIN DECLARAŢIILE PUBLICE

04 05 2016 23:03
Ambasada SUA are plăcerea să invite jurnaliștii interesaţi la o videoconferinţă la care participă Bill Adair, creatorul paginii PolitiFact.com, proiect laureat cu premiul Pulitzer pentru verificarea declaraţiilor publice. DATA: Luni, 9 mai 2016 ORA: 15:00 – 16:30 LOCUL: American Corner Bucureşti, Biblioteca Naţională a României, Bulevardul Unirii, 22, Corpul E, Etajul 1, Sala de lectura E 01-03 La discuţia informală desfăşurată în limba engleză vor participa reprezentanţi ai Ambasadei SUA, ai organizaţiei Funky Citizens, care realizează primul site de verificare a declarațiilor publice din România, precum şi reprezentanţi ai Parteneriatului pentru o Guvernare Deschisă din cadrul Guvernului României. Bill Adair, creatorul paginii PolitiFact.com şi al aplicaţiei “Settle IT” asociată acesteia, este profesor la Sanford School for Public Policy, Duke University, specializat în domenii precum media şi comunicare, mijloace de comunicare digitale, verificarea faptelor, presă şi politică, noi mijloace de comunicare. Mai multe despre acesta la http://www.politifact.com/truth-o-meter/staff/bill-adair/. Vă rugăm să trimiteți confirmările dvs. (nume, prenume, instituția de presă, număr de telefon pentru contact) la adresa de e-mail: horvathr@state.gov până vineri, 6 mai, la ora 12:00.

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